Drug treatment programs are the most effective solution for those who have developed a dependency on drugs or alcohol. There are many different types of programs, ranging from establishments with all inclusive services, where patients spend some particular time on order to detox without any external influence, or less formal, such as the outpatient programs; in this case the drug treatment consists of an advocated series of meetings and emotional or even medical support, without isolating the patient at any case from his ordinary life and habits.
The main target of the drug treatment programs is to eliminate the dependency in alcohol or drugs and prevent further abuse. Some of them offer a rather short term aid , aiming at breaking the usage immediately, and is applied in cases where a life threatening danger is more than obvious or present, such as overdoses and illnesses. It is estimated that more than 25million people seek medical help just in Northern America so as to deal with their drug and alcohol problem. It is a really costly problem for every country and society not only because the government needs to pay huge amounts of money to help those people, but also because each country loses a serious number of potential professionals this way. Productivity is reduced, criminality is increased and the health care costs are skyrocketing. No matter how you see it, drug addiction is an onerous and burdensome situation.
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In most cases, the program includes some type of medication that helps the patient deal with the cravings for the substances and offer serious relief from the severe and intense withdrawal symptoms. What this medication does is to temporarily mimic the substance experience, so as to make the patient shift from the initial source of problem. Methadone is the most commonly used medication globally
Except for medication treatment, patients undergo behavioral therapies as well, which can reduce the drug addiction. This kind of treatment is available for both inpatient and outpatient programs and usually focuses on identifying the original problem and trying to eliminate the source itself that made the patient start using drugs or become an alcoholic. Drug treatments try to find some coping strategies so as to effectively handle drug avoidance. Peer sharing helps a lot in these occasions, as it helps people re-enter the society and feel that they belong to a group.
The cost of a drug treatment program depends on numerous factors. In general the residential or inpatient programs are more costly because they provide not only the necessary treatment but also full inclusive staying for the patient. Outpatient programs are definitely more cost effective but should be implemented mostly to those who can deal with some issues, like the withdrawal symptoms or emotional setbacks more effectively themselves. Inpatient programs aim at those who experience more severe emotional and physical problems and need more dramatic and drastic help.